Formation of multi-mode pilot pattern of thermal p

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Abstract: it is worth noting that in terms of spot trading, the next step will be to "speed up the construction of the power spot market. Speed up the construction of the power market that avoids risks with medium and long-term transactions and finds prices with spot trading"

accelerate the release and development of power consumption plans, accelerate the liberalization of power distribution business, accelerate the standardization of self owned power plants, accelerate the improvement of renewable energy consumption guarantee, accelerate the construction of power spot market, and accelerate the construction of credit system in the power industry...

these "six accelerations" are the focus of the next phase of power reform work defined by the national development and Reform Commission and the national energy administration at the media briefing on power reform held on July 25

remarkable achievements in power reform

it is understood that since the release of power reform document No. 9 in March 2015, power reform has made important breakthroughs in many aspects, the main body of the reform has been fully implemented, and a multi-mode pilot pattern has initially taken shape

Wang Qiang, inspector of the comprehensive economic reform department of the national development and Reform Commission, introduced at the media briefing, "21 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) including Yunnan and Guizhou have carried out comprehensive pilot projects of power system reform, and 9 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) including Chongqing and Guangdong and the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps have carried out pilot projects of power sales side reform. The pilot projects of power system reform have covered all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) except Tibet, forming a pattern of comprehensive pilot projects and multi-mode exploration."

in terms of the reform of transmission and distribution electricity prices, the full coverage of provincial electricity has been achieved, laying a solid foundation for multi-party direct transactions. It is understood that at the end of 2016, the state issued the "provincial electricity transmission and distribution pricing measures", and a scientific, standardized and transparent regulatory framework system for electricity transmission and distribution prices was initially established, which is conducive to properly handling the relationship between expanding investment and electricity growth, and restraining the investment impulse of individual local governments and electricity enterprises

Wang Qiang said that up to now, the first batch and the second batch of high-precision and high-performance environmental experimental equipment have been approved for the transmission and distribution price level, with a total of 18 provincial-level power and Shenzhen power, and the cumulative allowable revenue of power reduction is more than 30 billion yuan. All the space for price reduction is used to reduce the industrial and commercial price level and reduce the burden on the real economy

"the verification of the third batch of 14 provincial electricity transmission and distribution tariffs has been basically completed, and the provincial price departments will announce it to the public in the near future." According to Wang Qiang, at present, the establishment of power trading institutions has also been basically completed. At the regional level, Beijing and Guangzhou power trading centers and market management committees have been established. At the provincial level, except Hainan, other provinces in the country have established power trading institutions, among which Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Shanxi, Hubei, Chongqing and other places have established joint-stock trading institutions. In order to reflect the wishes of various market entities and maintain the fairness, openness and impartiality of the market, 15 power trading centers including Beijing and Guangzhou power trading centers and Guizhou and Yunnan power trading centers have established power market management committees, and other regions are also actively promoting the establishment of power market management committees

it is also understood that in the past two years, the power reform has accelerated the liberalization of the power distribution business, issued the administrative measures for the access and exit of power distribution companies and the administrative measures for the orderly liberalization of power distribution business, established the access and exit mechanism of market players and a new regulatory system with credit supervision as the core, and initially established the market competition mechanism on the power sale side

"up to now, 1859 power selling companies have been registered in power trading institutions across the country. The reform has effectively stimulated market vitality, providing power users with diversified choices and constantly optimizing value-added services." At the media briefing, Liang Changxin, director of the legal system and system reform department of the national energy administration, said that China encourages power users who meet the access conditions to participate in market-oriented transactions. More than 13000 power users have reduced the cost of electricity consumption and released the reform dividend through market-oriented transactions

in terms of introducing social capital to participate in incremental distribution business, the first batch of 106 pilot projects were launched, and a competition mechanism involving multiple subjects was established. "At present, the first batch of pilot projects are carrying out project planning, project owner determination, application for power business license, etc." Wang Qiang said

it was also learned at the meeting that in terms of the orderly release and development of power consumption plans, market-based transactions have begun to take shape: in 2016, the national market-based transaction electricity, including direct transactions, exceeded 1trillion kwh, accounting for about 19% of the total social electricity consumption. Among them, the direct trading power is close to 800billion kwh, with a year-on-year increase of 85%. In 2017, the annual and monthly direct trading contracts signed by all regions and the centralized trading power of the trading platform accumulated about 950billion kwh, and the average price reduction of the contracted kwh that has been implemented was 4.7 points. It is estimated that the scale of direct electricity trading in 2017 is about 1.2 trillion kwh, an increase of about 50% year-on-year

many reform problems need to be solved

it is understood that although the power system reform has achieved preliminary results, there are still some prominent problems in the reform

first, market-oriented transactions face regional barriers. In the case of general oversupply of electricity, the concept of closed development in some places has been re strengthened, and the enthusiasm to integrate into the national and regional power market is not high. "Some provinces intend to suppress the scale of inter provincial transactions, fearing that the scale will impact local power plants; a few regions even directly sent documents to distribute the trading electricity directly to power plants, or required local power users to choose local power plants in market-oriented transactions, which seriously damaged the integrity of the power market." Wang Qiang said

secondly, the problem of administrative intervention in market-oriented pricing is relatively serious. Driven by the goal of stable growth, some places with a relatively high proportion of high energy consuming industries not only acquiesce in the participation of high energy consuming enterprises that do not meet the requirements in direct transactions, but also violate the market pricing principle, and take administrative measures to artificially reduce electricity prices to support the development of high energy consuming enterprises. It is believed that customers with experience in purchasing experimental machines understand the development of energy consuming enterprises, resulting in the national policy of differential electricity prices for high energy consuming enterprises in vain and difficult to implement

thirdly, the consumption of clean energy needs to be further strengthened. Through the efforts of all parties, the problem of abandoning wind and light showed an improving trend in the first half of this year, but it is still relatively prominent. From January to may, 21.6 billion kwh of wind power was abandoned nationwide, a year-on-year decrease of 7.5 billion kwh, with an average wind abandonment rate of 14.3%, a year-on-year decrease of 7.6 percentage points; From January to may, the national amount of light and electricity discarded was 3.28 billion kwh, a year-on-year decrease of 460million kwh, with an average light rejection rate of 8.1%, a year-on-year decrease of 4.8 percentage points. Next, we need to establish a long-term mechanism to solve the problem of renewable energy consumption

in addition, the management of captive power plants needs to be further standardized. Self owned power plants are mainly concentrated in high energy carrying industries such as steel, electrolytic aluminum, petrochemical industry and cement. The energy efficiency and environmental protection level of some units is low, and there is a significant gap with high-efficiency and environmental protection public large-capacity units; In terms of social responsibility, captive power plants generally fail to pay government funds and surcharges as well as policy cross subsidies that should be borne; Some captive power plants also have problems such as low enthusiasm to participate in peak load regulation, lax implementation of dispatching discipline, and operation management to be improved

the "construction drawings" of future electric power were released

Wang Qiang said that in order to further deepen the reform of the electric power system, the state will speed up the plan of releasing and developing electricity. On the basis of ensuring the normal use of electricity by users without bargaining power, accelerate the liberalization of other power purchasing entities to participate in market transactions, and guide the liberalization scale on the demand side to match that on the power generation side. In 2017, the national market-oriented trading electricity will strive to reach more than 35% of the total social electricity consumption

Liang Changxin said that in the next step, the state will regulate medium - and long-term electricity transactions, gradually reduce the planned electricity consumption of coal-fired power generation enterprises, and in principle, no longer arrange power generation plans for new coal-fired power units, so as to promote all regions to continuously increase the proportion of market-oriented transactions and reduce the energy consumption cost of enterprises

according to the national development and Reform Commission, the country will speed up the liberalization of power distribution business in the future. Actively cultivate the market players on the selling side, summarize the experience of liberalizing the power distribution business in some places, establish a number of successful examples of power distribution companies, cultivate several brands of power distribution companies, and play the exemplary role of typical guides. At the same time, we will do a good job in the pilot reform of incremental distribution business, promote the first batch of pilot projects to be implemented as soon as possible and take effect as soon as possible, and carry out the second batch of pilot projects on the basis of summarizing the experience of the first batch of pilot projects

"Next, however, the national development and Reform Commission will carry out the verification of trans provincial, trans regional and regional electricity transmission and distribution prices. At present, the transmission prices of trans provincial and trans regional special transmission projects, such as the west east power transmission project, are being re verified; various parties are being organized to study and formulate methods for the formation mechanism of new distribution and distribution prices. If the trans provincial, trans regional, local and incremental distribution price reforms are carried out, the whole transmission and distribution price reform will be carried out Basically complete. " Zhang Manying said that Shenzhen and Mengxi began to carry out the pilot reform of transmission and distribution electricity prices in 2014, with a three-year cycle, and the first regulatory cycle will expire by the end of 2017; The first supervision cycle of the first batch of five pilot provinces' transmission and distribution electricity price reform expanded in 2015 will also expire at the end of 2018. "We will evaluate the implementation of the transmission and distribution electricity price in the pilot provinces from this year, so as to lay a solid foundation for the establishment of a more scientific, standardized and transparent transmission and distribution electricity price supervision system."

it is worth noting that in terms of spot trading, the next step will be to "speed up the construction of the power spot market. Speed up the construction of a power market that avoids risks with medium and long-term transactions and finds prices with spot trading"

"in the near future, our commission and the national energy administration will, on the basis of preliminary investigation, choose places with relatively good conditions and relatively strong willingness to pilot the construction of the spot market to carry out the first batch of pilot projects for the construction of the spot market of electricity, and speed up the exploration and establishment of a market-oriented power and electricity balance mechanism." Wang Qiang said

according to the introduction, the power reform will follow the working idea of pilot first and gradual promotion, and it is planned to select some regions and provinces to carry out pilot construction of power spot market, study and establish a power market system that avoids risks with medium and long-term transactions and finds prices with spot transactions, and improve and promote step by step after summarizing experience

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