Forest law of the people's Republic of China

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Forest law of the people's Republic of China (adopted at the seventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the Sixth National People's Congress on September 20, 1984, in accordance with the second meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress on April 29, 1998 Article 1 this law is formulated in order to protect, cultivate and make rational use of forest resources, speed up land greening, occupy a place in the future market competition, give play to the role of forests in storing water and soil, regulating climate, improving the environment and providing forest products, and meet the needs of socialist construction and people's lives The cultivation, planting, cutting and utilization of forests and trees within the territory of the people's Republic of China, as well as the maximum residue of forests and forests and other indicators shall meet the requirements of relevant standards. The management activities of trees and woodlands must comply with this law

Article 3 forest resources are owned by the state, except those owned by collectives as stipulated by law. For state-owned and collectively owned forests, trees and woodlands, the criteria for their selection has always been that it is difficult to be sure. For trees owned by people and woodlands used, the local people's governments at or above the county level shall register and issue certificates to confirm the ownership or use right. The State Council may authorize the competent forestry department of the State Council to register the forests, trees and woodlands in the key state-owned forest areas determined by the State Council, issue certificates, and notify the relevant local people's governments

the legitimate rights and interests of the owners and users of forests, trees and woodlands are protected by law and shall not be infringed by any unit or individual

Article 4 forests are divided into the following five categories:

(I) protective forests: forests, trees and shrubs with the main purpose of protection, including water conservation forests, water and soil protection forests, wind and sand fixation forests, farmland, pasture protective forests, bank protection forests, and road protection forests

(II) timber forests: forests and trees with the main purpose of producing timber, including bamboo forests with the main purpose of producing bamboo

(III) economic forests: trees mainly aimed at the production of fruits, edible oils, beverages, spices, industrial raw materials and medicinal materials

(4) fuel forest: trees whose main purpose is to produce fuel

(V) special purpose forests: forests and trees mainly aimed at national defense, environmental protection, scientific experiments, etc., including national defense forests, experimental forests, mother forests, environmental protection forests, scenic forests, forests in places of interest and revolutionary memorial sites, and forests in nature reserves

Article 5 forestry construction shall follow the policy of taking forest management as the basis, universal forest protection, vigorous afforestation, combination of harvesting and breeding, and sustainable utilization

Article 6 the State encourages forestry scientific research, popularizes advanced forestry technology, and improves the level of forestry science and technology

Article 7 basic operation of tensile testing machine the state protects the legitimate rights and interests of forest farmers, reduces the burden of forest farmers according to law, prohibits illegal charges and fines from forest farmers, and prohibits apportionment and compulsory fund-raising from forest farmers

the state protects the legitimate rights and interests of the collectives and individuals contracted for afforestation, and no unit or individual may infringe the forest ownership and other legitimate rights and interests enjoyed by the collectives and individuals contracted for afforestation according to law

Article 8 the State implements the following protective measures for forest resources:

(1) implement quota cutting for forests, encourage afforestation, close mountains for afforestation, and expand forest coverage

(2) according to the relevant provisions of the state and local people's governments, give economic support or long-term loans to collective and individual afforestation and silviculture

(III) advocate the comprehensive utilization and economical use of wood, and encourage the development and utilization of wood substitutes

(IV) collect forestry fees, which are specially used for afforestation and forestry

(V) coal, paper and other departments shall draw a certain amount of funds according to the output of coal, wood pulp, paper and other products, which are specially used to create timber forests such as pit wood and paper

(VI) establish a forestry fund system

the state establishes a forest ecological benefit compensation fund for the construction, tending, protection and management of forest resources and trees of protective forests and special-purpose forests that provide ecological benefits. The forest ecological benefit compensation fund must be used for a specific purpose and shall not be diverted for other purposes. The specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council

Article 9 the state and the people's governments of provinces and autonomous regions shall, in accordance with the provisions of the state on the autonomy of national autonomous areas, give more autonomy and economic benefits to the forestry production and construction in national autonomous areas in terms of forest development, timber distribution and the use of forestry funds than in general areas

Article 10 the competent forestry department under the State Council shall be in charge of forestry work throughout the country. The competent forestry departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be in charge of the forestry work in their respective regions. People's governments at the township level shall appoint full-time or part-time personnel to take charge of forestry work

Article 11 planting trees and protecting forests are the obligations of citizens. People's governments at all levels shall organize the whole people to plant trees voluntarily and carry out afforestation activities

Article 12 people's governments at all levels shall reward units or individuals that have made outstanding achievements in afforestation, forest protection, forest management and forestry scientific research


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